By Glenn Ellis
From Thanksgiving through New Year’s Day, emergency room visits and hospital admissions for acute illnesses tend to spike. While the holidays are a joyous time when friends and family gather to celebrate the season, there can be significant health dangers lurking.
No one has plans for the holiday of being in the hospital recovering from a near-fatal heart attack or grieving the sudden death of a loved one from a heart attack. However, according to statistics, this time of year is the time when it is most likely to happen.
The evidence to support this phenomenon is so strong that the medical community has termed it, “holiday heart syndrome (HHS)”.
Yes, the holidays are the time of year that we look forward to for the joy and happiness associated with family gatherings, celebrations, alcohol, food, parties, and the like. Holidays are also filled with stress, anxiety, and overindulging.
The overindulging, particularly of alcohol, along with other factors is thought to be responsible for HHS.
The actual term holiday heart syndrome actually was coined back in the 1990’s, when it was found that there was a clear association between excessive alcohol drinking and rapid or irregular beating of the heart (cardiac arrhythmias). A rapid abnormal heart rhythm in the upper heart chambers is associated with the symptoms of HHS: palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, lightheadedness, stroke, and heart failure.
Interestingly, there are no exact reasons for this to happen in binge drinkers! Some experts think it can be due to the fact that alcohol is a toxin. Others speculate that heavy alcohol consumption will raise the levels of fatty acids, causing surges in the electrical currents in the heart, and creating a big increase in how sodium moves through the heart. We all know how too much sodium is a no-no when it comes to heart health and high blood pressure.
Even though it is usually seen in healthy non-drinkers who binge, it is especially noted in alcoholics after binge drinking. But I’d like to point that there are quite a few things that many of us fall prey to during the holiday season that could make us as vulnerable to HHS as the “binge drinker”.
Along with drinking, the drastic changes in our diets and eating patterns are another concern. With the deluge of heavy, rich, fat-laden foods that are everywhere we go, we find ourselves eating way too much (mostly of the wrong things). The spike in sodium, sugar, and fats can be a key reason for the increase in heart attacks during the season.
Often, many people are at even greater risk for a heart attack, because they will think they only have heartburn from overeating, and delay, or forgo, a trip to the emergency room. This decision could prove fatal. No one wants to ruin the holiday gathering with a trip to the hospital, and by the time they realize that it is an emergency, far too much damage to the heart tissue and muscle could have already taken place. Again, this is of special interest for those who are dealing with previously diagnosed heart failure or heart disease.
Many studies have shown that winter is really death season. This was discovered after an examination of deaths throughout the year, and winter had an exceptionally high number of deaths. Cold weather can promote blood clotting, leading to increases in heart attacks. Winter also has shorter days and longer nights. The reduction of daylight affects the levels of hormones in the body, and thereby affect the heart.
Then, there are some additional reasons to be concerned about heart attacks and the holiday season.
Your levels of both total and bad (HDL) cholesterol peak in the summer (around July), and the risk factors from this that cause the blood to thicken rise in the winter. The rest you can figure out.
As we all know, colds and flu tend to happen more often, and poses an extra threat to people who already have some form of heart disease or heart failure.
And did I mention stress? Stress is typically higher in all of us during the holiday season for a variety of reasons. As stress levels rise continuously during the holidays it can trigger chest pain and heart attacks.
Speaking of stress, the hustle and bustle of the holidays causes many people to forget to take their prescription medication. One or two missed days may not be a big deal, but to totally neglect your medications throughout the holidays will certainly not be in your best interest. At those festive dinners with family and friends, after saying grace, ask if everyone has taken their medication.
Finally, don’t forget exercise. Keep up your normal regimen. It can be fun if you can use it as another way to connect with family and friends. Invite them to walk, jog, do yoga, or whatever it is that you do. And don’t forget to make time to just relax between activities and events. Try to set aside 10 minutes of quiet time each day – simple meditation and breathing exercises can help lower blood pressure, heart rate and decrease the day’s stress.
Enjoy your holidays! Eat, drink, and be merry, but you don’t have to invite the unwelcomed guest: heart attacks.
Glenn Ellis, is Research Bioethics Fellow at Harvard Medical School and author of Which Doctor?, and Information is the Best Medicine. Ellis is an active media contributor on Health Equity and Medical Ethics. For more good health information visit: www.glennellis.com.